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Special Antietam Edition
A Century Ago by Robert D. Hoffsommer
August-September 1862: Cedar Mountain, Groveton, Second Manassas (Bull Run), Chantilly, Antietam (Sharpsburg), Harpers Ferry, South Mountain, Clarendon, Iuka, Newtonia
Showdown at Sharpsburg–Story of the Battle by Edward J. Stackpole
Here, beside Antietam Creek on September 17, 1862, was fought the bloodiest single day’s battle of the Civil War. Here Robert E. Lee stood his ground against awesome odds but lost a campaign. And here George B. McClellan muffed a chance to end the war at a single stroke.
Jackson’s Capture of Harpers Ferry by Robert D. Hoffsommer
Once the Confederates got their 70 cannon on the heights overlooking this strategic town, it was like ‘shooting fish in a barrel.’ Dominated by Maryland Heights, Loudoun Heights, and Bolivar Heights, Harpers Ferry was vulnerable when one or more of these positions was occupied by the enemy. All three heights were seized by Confederates under Jackson just before Antietam. Some 11,500 Federals in Harpers Ferry surrendered on September 15, 1862.
The Battles of South Mountain by Dwight E. Stinson, Jr.
Lee had to hold the passes of this range for one day to save his army from defeat in detail. As a result, two small, but savage engagements (Crampton’s Gap, Turner’s Gap) were fought in this little-known prelude to Antietam.
Why Confederates Invaded Maryland by L. VanLoan Naisawald
Another Major Victory…
Letters & Diaries: Jed Hotchkiss
Jed Hotchkiss, Confederate cartographer in the Army of Northern Virginia’s II Corps, covers the Antietam Campaign in his diary.
Lee’s Lost Orders by James V. Murfin
A copy of Lee’s detailed march instructions was found by the Federals and turned over to McClellan. Who lost this top-secret document? Why didn’t McClellan move faster to take advantage of the information it contained? The answers are still unknown.
Profiles of Key Commanders by Wilbur S. Nye
George B. McClellan
Joseph K. F. Mansfield
Ambrose E. Burnside
George Gordon Meade
Robert E. Lee
Daniel Harvey Hill
Robert A. Toombs
Clara Barton Brought Mercy to Antietam by Jean G. O’Brien
Clara Barton worked on wounded soldiers at Antietaqm on her own initiative, trying to care for the wounded until they could be properly looked after by army doctors and with army supplies. What Barton found there dwarfed her ability to help. Out of this experience came even larger numbers of supplies, more helpers, and Barton’s idea to found the American Red Cross.
Weapons & Equipment: Signal Equipment by Dr. Francis A. Lord
Signal flags, torches, signal rockets, and other supplies were used extensively by the signal units of both sides during the war.