Secession Again?

by Fred Ray on November 15, 2016 · 3 comments

Secession is in the air again, ironically for the same reason the South seceded in 1860—dissatisfaction with the results of the presidential election. In 1860 it was Abe Lincoln; in 2016 it’s Donald Trump. And it’s not the South this time (which seems quite happy with the result), it’s California, which is not. Just as the Unionism of many in the South was overridden by a small group of rich planters, the would-be secessionists are a small group of rich Californians, mostly in Silicon Valley.

Silicon Valley won’t take this sitting down. Shervin Pishevar, co-founder of transportation startup Hyperloop One, has promised to fund a campaign for California to become its own nation. Supporters are working on an initiative to put a referendum for California secession on the 2018 ballot. On Wednesday, residents gathered in front of the capitol building in Sacramento to rally for independence.

Of course since California is in the process of banning all “military-style” weapons, this could be a problem. But perhaps those wizards in Silicon Valley are working on an app for it.

Balaji Srinivasan, a partner at venture-capital firm Andreessen Horowitz, suggests that the tech industry might not even need a physical exodus, but can build technology to opt out of undesirable policies: “It could be something as simple as allowing people in the middle class to make tax shelters.” Maybe Silicon Valley will disrupt government with a civil disobedience app.

Jeff Davis, call your office!

The piece’s author, Elaine Ou, points out a few more practical difficulties.

Secessionists point out that California receives only 94 cents in federal spending for every dollar it pays in income tax. Yet leaving could sever crucial ties to the rest of the country. Southern California gets most of its water from the Colorado River in Arizona, and the entire state’s natural gas and oil supply arrives through pipelines coming from Texas. Many California-based companies are incorporated in Delaware, for the lower tax rates.

So we’ll see, but don’t hold your breath.

In another article Peter Turchin pins much of civil unrest of what he calls “overproduction of elites.” He cites, among other things, the overproduction of law degrees.

From the mid-1970s to 2011, according to the American Bar Association, the number of lawyers tripled to 1.2 million from 400,000. Meanwhile, the population grew by only 45 percent. Economic Modeling Specialists Intl. recently estimated that twice as many law graduates pass the bar exam as there are job openings for them. In other words, every year U.S. law schools churn out about 25,000 “surplus” lawyers, many of whom are in debt. A large number of them go to law school with an ambition to enter politics someday.

I have seen this these advanced for the unrest in Europe in the 1840s culminating in the revolutions of 1848, which shook society there to its core. The causes were many and complex, but one (according to the theory) was the overproduction of university graduates with no prospect of employment. Those revolutions had a direct effect on this country, since many of the failed revolutionaries fled to the United States. Some, like Carl Shurz, attained high positions in both the Union army during the civil war and later in civilian life. Others included Franz Sigel, Alexander Schimmelfennig, Fritz Anneke, Friedrich Beust, Ludwig Blenker. In short, post Civil War America had more room for a new elite than did Europe.

But, notes Turchin that war itself was in part touched off by a new group of would-be elites.

From 1830 to 1860 the number of New Yorkers and Bostonians with fortunes of at least $100,000 (they would be multimillionaires today) increased fivefold. Many of these new rich (or their sons) had political ambitions. But the government, especially the presidency, Senate and Supreme Court, was dominated by the Southern elites. As many Northerners became frustrated and embittered, the Southerners also felt the pressure and became increasingly defensive.

Although slavery was the defining issue, the elites “also differed over tariffs and cultural attitudes toward immigration.” And were armed. He quotes a US senator as saying “The only persons who do not have a revolver and a knife are those who have two revolvers.” He concludes:

Slavery was an absolute evil and was going to be abolished, sooner or later. But its abolition didn’t need to result in hundreds of thousands of Civil War deaths.

How true. When the smoke cleared the Southerners had been dispossessed, and it would take them a hundred years to regain their place in the elites.

Anyway, interesting article whether you agree with it or not.

UPDATE: As long as I’m on the subject of secession, I should mention that there is also a secession effort within California. The State of Jefferson has been floated since the 1940s and would include Northern California and Southern Oregon. These regions, largely rural, feel with some justification that they’ve been totally overlooked by the more populous regions. Thus their flag contains two Xs to signify the double cross. It seems to have bubbled to the surface again and in January activists held a rally to promote secession. Unlike “Calexit” there is a legal way to partition states, but both Congress and the states affected have to agree, which I consider unlikely.

As it turns out California has a long history of partition and attempted secession, although none have succeeded recently.

And finally, they’ve come for Thomas Jefferson, and on his own campus no less. Yes, it now seems that quoting his words, if not quite a hate crime (yet) creates a hostile environment. As I said when all this started, the Confederates were only the appetizer. How long before they remove his state and all mentions of his name?



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Short Takes

by Fred Ray on October 5, 2016 · 0 comments

A tour around the web for Civil War topics…

A look at a recently acquired archive of Civil War telegraph messages, thought to be lost. As the article points out, there is quite a bit of similarity between the telegraph messages of the 19th Century and today’s text messages. Some are ciphered and the code has not yet been broken. They are crowdsourcing the project to digitize and decipher them if you wish to join in.

Also from Slate, a short bio of aeronaut Thaddeus Lowe and his balloons.

From Smithsonian, a look at Newton Knight and the “Free State of Jones,” the subject of a recent movie by that name. One detail I found interesting was that Knight was not forcibly conscripted but joined voluntarily in 1861, then deserted. That fits the general pattern of bushwhackers here in western NC. Recent scholarship has established that almost all of them were Confederate deserters who had enlisted voluntarily and had then left for one reason or another.

Now for some videos. Cap and Ball takes a look (and shoots) some CW-era weapons.

The 1855 Colt Root percussion revolving carbine was essentially an overgrown revolver that saw limited service in the war. Berdan’s men were equipped with them initially but wanted the Sharps instead. Still, as you can see, it’s quite a good shooter.

While we’re on repeaters, he tries out a repro of an 1860 Henry repeater.

And, from a different channel, a comparison of the Henry and the Spencer by The Gunny (R. Lee Ermey) himself.



Check out the Siege of Petersburg Online for daily posts on battle accounts in newspaper articles, diary entries, letters and more!

What are your Top 10 Gettysburg Books? See what a panel of bloggers said recently.

Want to read some interesting Civil War content from amateurs and pros alike? Check out the Top 10 Civil War Blogs and Top 10 Civil War Blogs: 11-20.

First they came for Nathan Bedford Forrest….

by Fred Ray September 26, 2016

I normally don’t do much on contemporary politics, but unfortunately political correctness is starting to have a real effect on public life and Civil War studies. The latest craze is what might be called the historical cleansing of America of all symbols which might offend the usual suspects. It started with Confederate monuments, but it […]

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Review: Civil War Infantry Tactics by Earl Hess

by Fred Ray September 18, 2016

Civil War Infantry Tactics: Training, Combat, and Small-Unit Effectiveness by Earl J. Hess Hardcover: 368 pages 6.1 x 9.4 inches ISBN-10: 0807159379 ISBN-13: 978-0807159378 Publisher: LSU Press (April 13, 2015) Earl Hess has added yet another tome to his ever-growing list of Civil War books. His latest is devoted to infantry tactics, which I must […]

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Civil War Fought by Grasshoppers

by Fred Ray September 15, 2016

A friend send this from the recent NC State Fair. Funny, but even funnier is that both flags are Confederate. Made by a school kid, don’t know what grade.

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Author Interview: Dennis Rasbach, Author of Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain and the Petersburg Campaign

by Brett Schulte August 30, 2016

Editor’s Note: This post originally appeared earlier today at The Siege of Petersburg Online and has been cross-posted here. Medical doctor Dennis Rasbach became interested in his ancestor’s unit during the Civil War.  In the course of his research, he realized the 21st Pennsylvania (Dismounted) fought in a brigade from the same division as that […]

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Pegler on Sharpshooting, Capandball on Lorenz and Needle Gun

by Fred Ray August 28, 2016

Martin Pegler, prolific author and former Senior Curator of Firearms at the Royal Armouries Museum, Leeds, has published a series of articles in American Rifleman on sniping and sharpshooting. The first starts with the introduction of the rifle and goes into the early 19th Century. The next one covers the period starting roughly with the […]

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